Just two days after agreeing to lift deal-breaking objections to Sweden and Finland’s Nato accession, Turkey’s president has warned that Ankara could still block the process if the two countries fail to fully meet his expectations.
Recep Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said at the close of the alliance’s summit in Madrid that the 10-article agreement with the Nordic was a victory for Ankara and addressed all its “sensitivities”.
He particularly stressed the satisfying of Turkey’s demand for Sweden and Finland to extradite terror suspects with links to outlawed Kurdish groups or the network of an exiled cleric accused of a failed 2016 coup in Turkey.
But Erdoğan added that if the two Nordic countries renege on their promises, Turkey’s parliament could refuse to ratify the deal reached on Tuesday. Nato accession must be formally approved by all 30 member states, which gives each a blocking right.
“This business will not work if we don’t pass this in our parliament,” Erdoğan said. “First, Sweden and Finland must fulfil their duties and those are already in the text … But if they don’t fulfil these, then of course there is no way we would send it to our parliament.”
Erdoğan claimed that Sweden had promised to extradite 73 “terrorists” to Turkey and crack down on the financing and recruitment activities of the Kurdistan Workers’ party (PKK)–listed as a terrorist group by the US and the EU–and linked groups . Turkey considers the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) an extension of the PKK.
The text of the memorandum sets no specific number of extraditions. It says Finland and Sweden will address Turkey’s “pending deportation or extradition requests of terror suspects expeditiously and thoroughly, taking into account information, evidence and intelligence provided” by Turkey in accordance with the European convention on extradition.
On Wednesday, the Turkish justice minister, Bekir Bozdağ, said Sweden and Finland’s justice people have files from Turkey on 33 with alleged links to PKK and the network of US-based Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen.
Journalists repeatedly pressed Erdoğan on Thursday about the extraditions and whether Sweden had actually promised the number he cited. He said the number of extradition requests previously stood at 60 but had been updated to 73.
“Of course, what we understand is important from our meetings and talks Erdogan,” said Erdogan. “Sweden promised to give us these 73 people with this text. They may or they may not, we will follow that through the text and we will make our decision.”
There was no immediate response to requests for comments from the Swedish delegation at the summit in Madrid.
The Swedish government has sought to allay concerns that the deal would lead to extraditions to Turkey without due process.
“I know there are some people who are worried that we’re going to start to hunt people and extradite them, and I think it’s important to say that we always follow Swedish laws and international conventions, and we never extradite citizens,” the Swedish prime minister, Magdalena Andersson, told public broadcaster SVT on Wednesday.
The Finnish president, Sauli Niinistö, stressed Helsinki pointed out that the memorandum does not list the names of individuals.
“In the case of extraditions, we will adhere to our own legislation and international agreements. Ultimately, extradition is a legal discretion which politicians have no right to influence,” Niinistö said.
With the joint memorandum signed, Nato moved ahead with inviting the two Nordic countries to the military alliance that is seeking to enlarge and strengthen in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
The most time-consuming part of gaining Nato membership is the ratification of the applicants’ accession protocols by the alliance’s 30 member countries. It is a process that involves nationals –– and could take months.
The German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, said his country would launch the process of ratifying the planned Nato membership of Sweden and Finland this week and concludes it “very quickly”.
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